Some quotations from the early days of the EEC/EU/USE

You’ve heard of the EEC (European Economic Community), the thing we voted on in 1973, you all know the EU (European Union) which until now we have never voted on, but what is this USE?  Get used to it, because it is the coming thing – the United States of Europe, with its capital in Brussels.

Ludwig Erhard (Chancellor of Germany 1963-66)

‘If I criticize the German constitution,’ he said, ‘no one tells me I’m a bad German. But if I criticize the Community of the Six in the name of a wider Europe, I’m immediately accused of being a bad European.’

Charles de Gaulle (President of France 1958-69)

 The British are not Europeans

John F Kennedy (President of the USA 1960-63)

 A Europe without Great Britain would create a situation in which the United States was bearing the enormous costs of Europe’s protection without any voice.

….plus ça change …  Now it is Obama who wants Britain in the EU to keep the American voice at the heart of decision-making

Jean Monnet (President of the European Coal & Steel High Authority 1952-55, Founder of the Action Party for the creation of the United States of Europe, often referred to as the Father of Europe)

The European Army is not an end in itself: it is the instrument of a patriotic foreign policy. But European patriotism can develop only in a federal Europe.

What is being achieved in our six countries for coal and steel must be continued until it culminates in the United States of Europe.

The reports from our experts left no room for doubt: nuclear energy could replace all other forms of energy by the end of the century and for centuries to come.

….well, we all know about experts’ forecasts, don’t we.

To achieve the objective of a United States of Europe, it is necessary to put aside all specious solutions.  Mere co-operation between Governments will not suffice.  It is indispensable for States to delegate certain of their powers to European federal institutions.

Don’t forget the Action Committee for the United States of Europe. You’ll be hearing from us again.

Little by little the work of the Community will be felt, and the already distinguishable bonds of common interest will be strengthened.  Then the everyday realities themselves will make it possible to form the political union which is the goal of our Community, and to establish the United States of Europe.

I have always been convinced that the unification of Europe cannot be achieved by intergovernmental compromises: such supposedly time-honoured proceedings are never-ending and they never satisfy anyone.

… thus speaks the democrat.  Monnet, a very rich man’s son,  was never elected to any position in France or Europe but was appointed to positions of importance by virtue of his business background, his network of contacts and his passion for a countervailing European bloc to the USA and the USSR.

Of all the contributions that the British have made to civilization, two seem to me essential: respect for freedom, and the working of democratic institutions. Where would our society be without habeas corpus and without Parliaments to counterbalance executive power?

….. where indeed?  Habeas corpus hardly exists in many EU countries (one can languish in jail for months before going to a court) and the European Parliament does not have any power to propose legislation (which is reserved for the Commission, an executive-government institution all in one)

The British had not known the trauma of wartime occupation; they had not been conquered; their system seemed intact. In reality they suffered – paradoxically – from not having had their pride broken and their factories destroyed.

… so they must be brought down by peaceful methods, it seems

I have always believed that Europe would be built through crises.

…. presumably because Monnet knew his ambition for a federal Europe would never be accepted by the citizens of the nation states unless a crisis threatened.  Perhaps this is why Tweedledumb and Tweedledee, and others on the Remain side forecast war and economic recession if the British people dare to disagree and vote Leave.  Monnet’s logic is that one can expect further restrictions on national sovereignty after the Brexit “crisis”, whichever way the vote goes.